Cyberstalking Facts: Types of Stalkers and Cyberstalkers (2023) (2023)

Cyberstalking Facts: Types of Stalkers and Cyberstalkers (2023) (1)

Cyberbullying Facts:The stalker and cyberstalker profile includes many descriptions, definitions, and dimensions. With the advent of ICT, cyberbullying has become a concern for law enforcement and anyone involved in online activities.

Typologypersecutorsthese are theoretical descriptions common to cybercriminals and individuals. The goal of prey prevention is to first understand the justification for behaving as a predator and then develop strategies to avoid becoming prey. Learn to profile and anticipate the stalker andcyber stalkerreduces the predator's goal of causing you or your loved ones mental and physical harm.

Stalking is behavior in which a person intentionally and repeatedly engages in behavior directed against another person that, if known to the victim, causes significant distress and fear. A predator initiating and maintaining stalking behavior may or may not recognize that it causes the victim severe distress, perceptual anguish, and the unfortunate experience of being frightened.

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huntingit involves the obsessive behavior of one person towards another person. Initially, harassment often takes the form of irritating, threatening or obscene phone calls, emails or letters. During this period, the victim perceives the perpetrator's actions more as a form of intimidation than an escalation of a dangerous situation. After determining the stage of stalking, it is during this period that the potential victim should contact the police. It's also important to start keeping a written diary that documents every contact from the attacker.

Psychiatrists, psychologists, and other mental health professionals believe that most bullies suffer from a mental illness that makes them psychotic or delusional. When they are not considered psychotic, the bullies are believed to suffer from some type of personality disorder or to feed on unique psychological factors. In the most severe cases, a bully is defined as a predatory tyrant or sociopath.

Regardless of the psychological cause, the stalker rarely understands the fear they cause in the other person. Blinding to their motivations for stalking someone in the first place makes them lose sight of the fear and terror they cause. When anger, rage and hostility towards the victim are involved, the perpetrator is fully aware of the suffering he is causing, but feels that the victim deserves to be feared or simply does not care. In 1999, an Australian stalking expertDr. A.S. Paul Mullen, and a group of researchers identified five types of stalkers that still apply to stalkers and cyber stalkers, namely:

Typologies of stalkers and cyberbullying

I. Rejected cyberstalkers:Ten typecyber stalkerthey are motivated to follow their victim in an attempt to reverse what they perceive as an unfair set of circumstances that caused a prior divorce, separation, or relationship ending. These offenders feel misunderstood in hopes of reversing the breakup, or they feel angry and seek revenge because their attempts at reconciliation with the victim have failed in the past.

II.Offended by cyberbullying:This type of cyberstalker can be dangerous given their perceived motivation to stalk. The offended cyber bullies are fully aware that the victim is aware of the bullying, but continues to make a distorted vendetta they believe to be legitimate. The purpose of this type of cyberbullying is the fear and anguish experienced by the victim. With this type of profile, cyberbullying believes the victim deserves and needs to be afraid because it has caused them and/or others anguish and anguish.

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third.Intimacy Seekers:This type of cybercriminal has no ill will towards his victim and just wants to build a loving relationship with him. Those seeking intimacy see their victims as soul mates who are meant to be together at all costs. Deep down, they believe that their job and purpose is to make sure that the destiny of a loving relationship is fulfilled. Intimacy-seeking cyber stalkers are often a group of men or women who stalk celebrities and public figures. Blinded by their distorted perception of their destined love, they lose sight of the anguish and fear they cause in the person they are cyberbullying.

IV.Incompetent suitors:Those people who fit this profile are cybercriminals deeply in love with their victim. His interest in the victim can sometimes reach a state of fixation where his whole waking life is focused on his quest to one day become a couple. They tend to lack social, communication, or courtship skills and may feel entitled that their fantasy of a romantic relationship is inevitable. The feeling that he has a right and/or deserves a relationship with the victim inspires the cyber bully to gradually increase the frequency of contact. Although like the Intimacy Seeker cyberstalker, incompetent suitors are more gradual in their means and methods of contact.

wPredatory cyber stalkers:Of these six types, the predatory cyber stalker may be the most dangerous and determined. This type of cyber stalker is motivated by a perverse sexual need. They engage in active attack planning and fantasize about sexual acts with their victim. They feel no love for their victim, nor are they motivated by a belief in predestination. His fuel for domination and victimization is reminiscent of a psychopath who feels little or no remorse for his victim's well-being.

SAW. Phantom Cyberstalkers:Not included in Dr. Mullen's five stalker profiles, the phantom cyber stalker is unique to the information age. These are online attackers who cannot be identified by their purpose. Wearingcyber secrecy, a phantom cyber stalker repeatedly makes direct or indirect threats of physical harm and inspires fear. They can represent a combination of the other five types, e.gpredatory trollor a sadistic online user with no connection to their victim. Phantom cybercriminals rely on the veil of anonymity provided to all online users.

Understanding the types of cyberbullying and their motivations is the first step to reducing the likelihood of becoming one of its victims. Unfortunately, many men, women, and the general public underestimate the profile of cyberbullying and mistakenly view these people as "unhappy souls looking for love." What people don't understand is that most of these predators involved in cyberbullying suffer from problematic mental illnesses, psychological problems or are motivated by the need to sexually dominate their victims.

Cyberstalking Facts: Types of Stalkers and Cyberstalkers (2023) (2)

“Welcome to the ugly and perverse world of cybercriminals; digitally depraved and enemies of iPredators".

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Michael Nuccitelli, doctor of psychology.

Most states havecyberbullying, cyberstalking and cyberstalkingand/or incorporate information and communication technologies into your traditional stalking or harassment laws. Protecting children from online bullying and bullying has prompted states to enact laws against cyberbullying. Cyberbullying is the use of information and communication technology to harass and refers to a pattern of threatening or malicious behavior. Cyberbullying can be considered the most dangerous of the three types of ICT-related bullying, depending on whether it creates a credible threat of harm. Legal penalties range from misdemeanors to felonies and vary from state to state.

cyberbullying it differs from cyberbullying in that it does not involve a credible physical threat. Cyberbullying typically refers to threatening or harassing messages that use information and communication technology to harass an individual, group or organization. Some states address cyberbullying by including electronic communication language in general anti-harassment laws, while others have created separate cyberbullying laws.

cyberacousticand cyberbullying are sometimes used interchangeably, but cyberbullying is used for electronic bullying or bullying. Recent cyberbullying laws reflect the trend of making school districts the enforcers of cyberbullying policies. As a result, the statutes establish the infrastructure for schools to deal with the issue, modifying existing anti-bullying policies to address cyberbullying and cyberbullying among school children. Most of these state laws provide penalties for any form of cyberbullying on school property, on school buses, and at official school functions.

However, some have also extended the penalties to include cyberbullying activities that originate off-campus, believing that off-campus activities can have a damaging and disruptive effect on a child's learning environment. Legal penalties for cyberbullying range from misdemeanors to felony arrests, suspensions, and expulsions.

cyberacousticis a generic term used to define harmful, repetitive and hostile online behavior aimed at condemning a particular online user. Cyberbullying describes threatening or demeaning messages delivered through ICT. While classic bullying usually involves face-to-face interactions and non-digital forms of communication, cyberbullying involves the exchange of information via ICT and may never involve face-to-face meetings.

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Bullying or classic bullying is a term used to describe repeated and prolonged verbal and/or physical attacks by a child, teen or adult against others who are unable or unwilling to reduce the intensity of their involvement. It can include verbal harassment, physical assault, coercion, intimidation, humiliation and teasing. Bullying consists of a combination of the four basic types of abuse: emotional, social, verbal and physical. Despite differences in definition, bullying always involves the use of harassment, force or coercion to influence the victim. Classic bullying requires face-to-face interaction as part of a behavioral repertoire. Among the billions of online users lurks a dangerous element that could fall prey to the unsuspecting person. Cybercriminals and cybercriminals are two groups that access the internet for harmful interactions. In most cases of cyberbullying, the perpetrator is called iPredator.

Three free links to an educational assessment of cyberbullying

Cyberbullying Prevention Checklist [CSPC]

iPredator Probability Inventory: Cyberbullying [IPI-CS]

Cyberstalker Identification Interview [CSII]

Stalking and cyberbullying also fall under the theoretical construct of Dark Psychology conceived by this writer. Dark psychology is the study of the human condition as it relates to the psychological nature of people who take advantage of others. All humanity has the potential to persecute other people and living creatures. While many limit or sublimate this tendency, some act on these impulses.

dark psychologyseeks to understand those thoughts, feelings, and perceptions that lead to predatory behavior. Dark Psychology assumes that this production is intentional and has a goal-oriented rational motivation 99% of the time. The remaining 1%, according to Dark Psychology, is the brutal victimization of others without intention or as defined by evolutionary science or religious dogma.

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With the advent of the Internet, a unique environment has been created for cybercriminals and online predators. Millions of children, teenagers and adults create billions of online exchanges every day. With the addition of the mobile phone and text messages, the number exchanged daily reaches billions. Digital technology, telecommunications and the cyberspace environment are now hunting grounds for online predators and iPredators.

For years, cyberbullying has been predicted to be inevitable, but only recently have parents, youth and community organizations begun to focus on this growing problem. To illustrate how this warning has been explained for more than a decade, the Department of Justice (DOJ) wrote and published the 1999 Report.Cyberstalking: a new challenge for law enforcement and industryand defined cyberbullying, risks to children and cyberbullying resources. In this report, the Department of Justice is not only accurate but also predictive. They made clear the problems of cyberbullying and predicted that the number of online predators would increase every year.

Many years have passed and the Department of Justice was right in its predictions. While the resources they provide are highly reputable and provide excellent information,Working to stop online abuse (WHOA), the National Center for Victims of Crime, Cyber ​​Angels, and the National Cybercrime Training Partnership are four organizations with amazing resources and educational tools.

For those interested in expanding their knowledge base on cyberbullying and online predators, the siteInternational Association for Computing Research(throw) is a respected organization. Their mission statement, as stated on their website, is: “IACIS® is a voluntary, international, non-profit corporation composed of law enforcement professionals dedicated to educating in the field of computer forensics. IACIS members represent federal, state, local and international law enforcement professionals. Permanent members of IACIS have been trained in forensics related to the interception and processing of computer systems.”

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While expert associations such asDOJand IACIS are working to stop online predators, the number of cybercriminals will continue to grow, and citizens themselves must learn how to reduce their potential to become future victims. A cyber stalker refers to a man, woman, or group of people who use the Internet, email, or other electronic communication device to harass another person. Stalking is defined as behavior in which a person intentionally and repeatedly engages in behavior directed against another person that, if known to the victim, can cause significant distress and fear.

Cyberstalking Facts: Types of Stalkers and Cyberstalkers (2023) (3)

Examples of cyberbullying

Stalking generally involves harassment or intimidation where a person or group engages repeatedly against the victim(s). Cyberbullying is the same thing, but includes methods of intimidation and harassment through information and communication technology. Cyberbullying consists of harassing and/or bullying behavior in the form of:

I.Electronic messages such as classic emails, text messages and Twitter.
II.Spamming and/or sending threatening emails to the victim or their family, friends or co-workers.
thirdPosting the victim's personal information online, such as name, address, phone numbers, and email address.
IV.Post offensive comments on behalf of the victim.
wCreating and posting sexually explicit photos of the victim or their loved ones.
VI.Hack into the victim's computer, accounts and mobile devices.
VIII.Victim's subscription to pornography and advertising spam sites.
VIII.Include spyware in an email or install it on your computer.
IX.Creating websites that threaten the victim or encourage others to contact, harass or harm the victim.
X.Computer monitoring software or "spyware" allows a cybercriminal to monitor computer and Internet activity and detect a victim's efforts to escape or get help. This software can be installed remotely or by physically accessing the victim's computer.

Most anti-stalking laws in the United States require the perpetrator to make a credible threat of violence to the victim. In addition to direct threats of harm to the victim, threatened family members can also be grounds for arrest. Depending on state law, the conduct of the alleged harasser may constitute an implicit threat. HeNational Center for Crime Victimsis a specialized association that can help you locate and define state anti-stalking laws and procedures.

While some stalking and cyberbullying behaviors that involve irritating or irritating behavior do not amount to illegal stalking, these behaviors can be precursors to more intense stalking and violence. The goal is to treat these activities as serious, not to minimize them. While these behaviors can be described as bullying, the time to take proactive action is when knowledge of these activities becomes obvious.

Cyberbullying is often motivated by negative emotions or serious psychological factors. Mental illness, obsessions, revenge, hatred, anger, and jealousy are common affective states that feed the cyber bully. Sometimes the victim may not even know or never meet the cybercriminal, which is another red flag. Once you become aware that there are any signs of harassment or harassment, the immediate next step is to contact your local authorities. While contacting local authorities may seem excessive or drastic, the potential consequences of not doing so could be much worse.

The methods used by cybercriminals range from novice to advanced. The more advanced they become in the new electronic technology, the more competent they become in attacking their prey. One of the methods used by cybercriminals that few victims know about is cyber or digital surveillance. Cybersurveillance has both positive and negative uses. In the wrong hands, cybersurveillance can be deadly.

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Also calleddigital surveillance(DMS), this advanced technology is becoming more common and more accessible to those who want to protect their environment and those who want to spy on others. Every time someone connects to the Internet, sends text messages, or uses anything else that involves electronic communication, it creates a growing stream of personal digital data of interest to invisible people. As DMS becomes more accessible to the general public, unsuspecting victims will need to exercise greater caution.

A cyberstalker using cybersurveillance initially does not pose a direct physical threat to its potential victim, but instead tracks the victim's online activity to gather information about their personal habits and contacts. Once enough data has been collected, he begins to use threats and other forms of verbal intimidation. The anonymity provided to cyberbullying by online interactions reduces the likelihood of identification.

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This veil of invisibility and low probability of identification makes cyberbullying much more common than physical violence. While cyberbullying may seem harmless to the younger generation or experienced web users, it can easily turn into psychological and emotional harm. As cyberbullying and victim inaction evolve, covert, veiled harassment can lead to actual physical harassment and/or physical/sexual assault.

Cyber ​​criminals and online predators

Cybercriminals and online predators attack their victims via websites, chat rooms, message boards, message boards, blogs, emails and text messages. The availability of free mail, website space, and the frequency of electronic communications provide iPredator with a digital footprint. With access to this information coupled with cyberbullying, the rise of cyberbullying in the form of bullying becomes apparent. The cybercriminal starts with a quick search on Google or a search engine using the person's nickname, real name, email address or other personal information. Another way of collecting personal data that could be considered harmless is to examine the public profile of the victim available on any social networking site, such as Facebook, Instagram or Twitter.

cyberneticlurkingit is a rapidly growing form of cybercrime in communities across the country. Cyberbullying is when a person is followed, monitored, harassed and harassed online. Whether the victim is aware of it or not, their privacy is violated, their every move is watched and their personal information is slowly collected. Upon becoming aware of the bullying, this form of bullying often turns the victim's life upside down, leaving them very scared, threatened, anxious and worried.

Cyberbullying usually occurs when women are harassed by men, but women are increasingly harassing men. Current figures estimate the sex ratio to be 3 to 1, and women are three times more likely to be harassed. One of the fastest growing segments of victims are children who are bullied by adult predators, pedophiles and their peer groups.

The obvious difference between physical and cyber bullying is that the cyber bully doesn't have to open your front door. Everything he/she does can be done online and hidden under anonymity or what this writer has specified,cyber secrecy. Cyberstealth, a concept coined in conjunction with iPredator, is a term used to define a method and/or strategy by which iPredators can establish and maintain complete anonymity when trolling and tracking a target. In addition to being a gimmick, Cyberstealth is an ICT reality that humanity often misunderstands. Since the Internet inherently provides anonymity to everyone, the cybercrime exploited by iPredator ranges from minor to complex and multifaceted.

Cyberstalking Facts: Types of Stalkers and Cyberstalkers (2023) (4)

Cybercriminals don't have to leave their homes to find and harass their targets. With this anonymity, they have no fear of physical abuse or of the victim's loved ones, as they cannot be physically touched in cyberspace. They also believe that legal intervention is unlikely given their invisibility. Basically, cyber bullies have a free ticket to act and behave without consequences. Given that coat that makes identification impossible, they could be thousands of miles away, as close as a neighbor, even closer as a relative. Your unknown potential, geographic location or motivations can be a chilling experience.

Cyberbullying and online predators that engage in these behaviors are on the rise every year. Although organizations such asDepartment of JusticeiNational Center for Crime VictimsBy diligently working to educate the public, the public remains unaware of the existence of predators lurking in cyberspace. The reason for denying self and/or children public education is honest denial.

Cyberbullying prevention

By not claiming that these threats are real, people don't need to worry or limit the information they reveal online. Cyberbullies and iPredators rely on the public not to educate themselves on the steps necessary to reduce their potential to become the next target. The steps required for online protection and reasonable security are quite easy and straightforward. Inform yourself and your loved ones about iPredator profiles and cyberbullying, set limits on personal information you disclose online, refrain from engaging in social exchanges with people you don't know, familiarize yourself with local cyberbullying laws, and always have the contact information of your local the police. .

Cyberstalking Facts: Types of Stalkers and Cyberstalkers (2023) (5)

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Michael Nuccitelli, doctor of psychology.

Michael Nuccitelli, Doctor of Psychology. is a licensed New York State psychologist, cyberpsychology researcher, and online safety educator. In 2009, Dr. Nuccitelli finalized his concept of the dark side of cyberspace, the so-callediPredator. Since 2010, he has been advising people seeking information about cyberbullying, cyberbullying, the minds of cybercriminals, Internet addiction and itsdark psychologyconcept.By day, Dr. Nuccitelli is a practicing psychologist, clinical supervisor and ownerPsychological services MN, PLLC. After work and on weekends hevolunteershelp online users who have fallen victim to a cyberattack. company Nuccitelli's is always available free of charge to interested parties and the media. This website and everything Dr. Nuccitelli has created is educational, free, and in the public domain.


What are the different types of stalkers in cyber security? ›

Internet stalking: This type of stalking occurs when an individual spreads rumors or tracks victims on the internet. The goal of spreading rumors is to slander the victim. Computer stalking: This type of stalking occurs when an individual hacks into a victim's computer and takes control of it.

What are three to five behaviors that may constitute cyberstalking? ›

These behaviours and actions include (but are not limited to): flooding the user's inbox with emails; frequently posting on the user's online sites, pages, and social media accounts; repeatedly calling and/or texting the victim, leaving voicemails, and sending follower and friend requests; joining all online groups and ...

What are the four categories of stalking? ›

Questions about stalking behaviors can be grouped into the four SLII categories: Surveillance, Life invasion, Intimidation, and Interference through sabotage or attack (SLII).

What is the most common type of stalking? ›

Simple Obsessional: This is the most common type of stalker. The stalker is usually a male and the focus of the stalking is an ex-wife, ex-lover or former boss. In intimate relationships, the stalking frequently starts before the break-up.

What are the three types of stalkers? ›

Using this typology, stalkers can be classified as a former sexual intimate (ex-intimate), an acquaintance (including friends and family members), or a stranger (either public figure or private stranger) (see Mohandie, Meloy, Green-McGowan, & Williams (2006). Journal of Forensic Sciences 51, 147–155).

Who are most likely to be stalkers? ›

Most stalking occurs between people who know each other. Less than one-fourth of women, and about one-third of men are stalked by strangers. Women are most likely to be stalked by a current or former intimate partner during the relationship, after it ends, or at both points in time.

What behavior shows stalking? ›

Examples of stalking behaviors include:

Repeated, unwanted phone calls, texts, messages, etc. that may or may not be threatening. Creating fake profiles to continue contacting a person after they have been blocked on their personal account. Observing, following or “coincidentally” showing up wherever the person goes.

Who is the typical victim of stalking? ›

The majority of stalking victims are women and most stalkers are men, but men can be victims, too. Three out of four stalking victims were stalked by someone they know; of these, 45 percent of stalkers were acquaintances of the victim and 30 percent were intimate partners.

What causes someone to stalk another person? ›

Stalking is often underpinned by a mix of righteousness and entitlement when someone believes that their standards of right and wrong are indisputable, and thus feel unable to respect someone's desire for no contact.

What type of personality stalks? ›

Most stalkers fit the criteria of sociopaths and narcissists. They are charmers, they have a way with words (although their words are often shallow and insincere), and they sometimes have a sex appeal or attractiveness that blinds victims to their true intent.

What is the color of stalking? ›

What is the color for stalking awareness? Yellow is the official stalking awareness color.

What mental illness includes stalking? ›

Mental health conditions often appear in those who become stalkers—research suggests that half of one sample of stalkers had a disorder such as antisocial personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder or borderline personality disorder. Borderline is particularly prominent in women stalkers.

What are the category classification types of stalking? ›

There are six general categories that define stalking behavior, such as the rejected stalker, resentful stalker, predatory stalker, intimacy seeker, incompetent suitor, and erotomania and morbidly infatuated.

How many cyberstalkers are there? ›

According to a Statista survey conducted in 2021, approximately 11% of US adults have experienced cyberstalking at some point. The survey indicates that women were more likely to be cyberstalking victims than men. Of those surveyed, 15% of women reported being cyberstalked, compared to 6% of men.

What are the seven basic categories of perpetrators of cybercrime? ›

According to industry professionals, the six types of cybercriminals include hackers, identity thieves, internet stalkers, phishers, scammers, and cyberterrorists.


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